Which Research or Practice Methodology Will You Prefer?
There are four ontologies / epistemologies by which we undertake research in the academy. empiricism, positivism, realism and pot-modernism. We also put them into practice in the real world. There is a lot of rhetoric about them but I see methodology (method) and practice through the lens of a person’s ailing loved one. Namely, a parent, sibling, cousin, spouse, sweetheart, friend or business partner.
Out of the blue, the love one collapses. An ambulance takes him or her to hospital in a critical medical emergency condition. Furthermore, the doctor has to make important decisions based on the findings or assessments of a surgeon or physician.
First, The Empiricist will tell you looking at scans and blood tests and observations he or she knows from an empirical standpoint (with 98% accuracy), your loved one has illness A with M diagnosis.
Second, The Positivist will tell you on observing of the symptoms (with considerable certainty) your loved one has condition B with diagnosis N.
Third, The Realist will tell you on analysing the tests and observations of symptoms (again with considerable certainty) your loved one has condition C with prognosis O but there may be deeper causes or problems yet to be discovered.
Fourth, The Post-Modernist will tell that the disease of your loved one is a ‘social construction.’ And (with considerable certainty) no one knows anything about the condition D, which is a discourse and therefore no diagnosis or prognosis is possible.