“Federalism” and “restructuring” and related terms are all political jargon. It means they are not so easy to understand by non-specialists and are widely appreciated by assumption, not fact. Nigeria is a federal republic that practices federalism on paper but is a unitary state in reality because it lacks the provision of autonomy for subnational or federating units. All advanced nations have undergone several phases of restructuring for political, economic or social reasons at different stages in their existence. Many Nigerians are oblivious to the fact that the creation of Lower Niger protectorate by the British, the amalgamation of North and South Nigeria, the institution of the four colonial constitutions for Nigeria and ultimately Independence in 1960, where all cases of restructuring. Oil appears to be the only reason restructuring, or federalism looks strange to some in Nigeria. I shall now answer the questions raised in response to restructuring (non-technically): Derivation or Ownership?
There has been too much optimism invested in what is widely touted in Nigeria as the ‘dividends of democracy’ i.e. the benign and enabling outcomes of democracy. After 18 years of a return to democracy in Nigeria, the dividends of democracy on offer has only meant the military is no longer in government. The dividends have neither been delivered in the form of better leadership nor better governance. Unsurprisingly, the crisis of leadership in Nigeria cannot be solved by democracy as a system all by itself. Democracy can fail societies terribly. Read More “How Democracy Fails Nigeria”
Nigeria’s failing as a nation is not the work of God. When Nigerian political economist, Claude Ake, boldly said Nigeria or Africa was never designed to be successful as modern societies, economically or politically, so many scoffed at him but he was not just right, he was right. Nigeria was designed to fail and its intellectual and political elites more than anyone else has been at the forefront of negotiating and perpetuating this unstoppable failure. The Nigerian intellectual elite loves the chains of failure that guarantees their society’s failure as they perennially profit very handsomely from it. Read More “Nigeria is Designed to Be an Enduring Failure”